By Nina V. Fedoroff
Chapter 1 the invention of Transposition (pages 3–13): Nina V. Fedoroff
Chapter 2 A box consultant to Transposable parts (pages 15–40): Alan H. Schulman and Thomas Wicker
Chapter three The Mechanism of Ac/Ds Transposition (pages 41–59): Thomas Peterson and Jianbo Zhang
Chapter four McClintock and Epigenetics (pages 61–70): Nina V. Fedoroff
Chapter five Molecular Mechanisms of Transposon Epigenetic legislation (pages 71–92): Robert A. Martienssen and Vicki L. Chandler
Chapter 6 Transposons in Plant Gene rules (pages 93–116): Damon R. Lisch
Chapter 7 Imprinted Gene Expression and the Contribution of Transposable parts (pages 117–142): Mary A. Gehring
Chapter eight Transposons and Gene production (pages 143–164): Hugo okay. Dooner and Clifford F. Weil
Chapter nine Transposons in Plant Speciation (pages 165–179): Avraham A. Levy
Chapter 10 Transposons, Genomic surprise, and Genome Evolution (pages 181–201): Nina V. Fedoroff and Jeffrey L. Bennetzen
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Content material: bankruptcy 1 the invention of Transposition (pages 3–13): Nina V. FedoroffChapter 2 A box consultant to Transposable components (pages 15–40): Alan H. Schulman and Thomas WickerChapter three The Mechanism of Ac/Ds Transposition (pages 41–59): Thomas Peterson and Jianbo ZhangChapter four McClintock and Epigenetics (pages 61–70): Nina V.
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Extra resources for Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution
Non-autonomous Transposable Elements A partial solution to the conundrum of the assembly of the complex functional unit that is a TE appears in the phenomenon of non-autonomous TE groups, which are abundant in modern genomes. In addition to intact TEs able to direct and catalyze their own cut-and-paste (Class II) or copy-andpaste (Class I) lifecycle, genomes are full of various sorts of deleted and mutated versions. In this regard, one might think, in retrospect, that Ohno was actually correct when he referred to the non-genic component of the genome as “junk” (Ohno, 1972).
However, when the plant was crossed to one that was homozygous for the chromosome 9 constitution C sh bz wx ds, ac, the unexpected observation was made that there was variegation that uncovered the bz allele, but it was almost exclusively in the Sh class of kernels. This was unexpected because the distance between the Sh locus and the Ds element in its original position is more than 30 cM, leading to the expectation of many kernels bearing recombinant chromosomes carrying the recessive sh allele and the Ds locus.
The ability of this Ds element to break chromosomes is a consequence of its transposition mechanism and the presence of both ends of the element in both orientations within its structure. The transposon causing instability of the pericarp locus in Emerson’s strains, and named Mp by Brink and his colleagues, is the same as Ac (Barclay and Brink, 1954; Schwartz, 1989). Emerson’s original observations that a somatic reversion event was almost always stable, except for the occasional reappearance of variegating kernels probably ﬁnds its explanation in the observation that Ac elements have a propensity to transpose to nearby sites, from which they can, once again, transpose back into the locus of origin.
Plant Transposons and Genome Dynamics in Evolution by Nina V. Fedoroff