By James Sneddon
This crucial publication, the 1st of its style, is a old, social, cultural and linguistic examine of Indonesian. Indonesia is the fourth such a lot populous kingdom on the planet, and the most linguistically complicated. Its ethnic teams communicate greater than 500 languages and of those Malay, renamed Indonesian, was once selected to be the only nationwide and professional language.
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Additional resources for The Indonesian Language: Its History and Role in Modern Society
Certainly Srivijaya’s predecessor, Melayu, was. Malay settlement of off-shore islands and river estuaries on the Malay Peninsula may have begun before Srivijaya’s time, but further spread must have occurred during the Srivijayan period and other ethnic groups were probably absorbed into the Malay-speaking community, both in Malaya and Sumatra, as also occurred when Malays migrated to Borneo, which also probably began in Srivijayan times. The Srivijayan inscriptions are the earliest known examples of Malay and it is thus unfortunate that they and later inscriptions from Java and Luzon are so brief.
The influence of English is discussed in Chapter 9. Use of Indonesian continues to spread at the expense of regional languages. Many minor languages are in danger of extinction as the number of people monolingual in the national language increases. Chapter 10 looks at the spread of Indonesian, including information from censuses. It concludes with brief conjecture on the future state of the language. 2 MALAY AND THE AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGE FAMILY THE AUSTRONESIAN LANGUAGES The Malay language, of which Indonesian is a variety, is a member of the Austronesian language family, a large group of languages all descended from a common ancestor.
One group, called Western Malayo-Polynesian (WMP), entered Borneo, with subsequent movement into the western parts of the Indonesian archipelago. The other group, called Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian (CEMP), moved southeast from the Philippines and entered the northern Moluccas. CEMP apparently split into two subgroups. One subgroup, called Central Malayo-Polynesian (CMP), moved to the southern Moluccas and from there to the Lesser Sunda Islands, eventually occupying almost all the islands of eastern Indonesia, except the island of New Guinea, westward as far as Sumbawa.
The Indonesian Language: Its History and Role in Modern Society by James Sneddon