By Harold Nicolson
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This publication questions even if the associations and practices of the rising european diplomatic approach comply with verified criteria of the state-centric diplomatic order; or even if perform is paving the way in which for cutting edge, even innovative, varieties of diplomatic service provider.
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The eﬀect of Council resolutions on state behavior looks nothing like automatic compliance or a surrender of private judgment. While there may be many reasons that compliance takes place, not all of them attributable to the existence of authority (see, for instance, Hurd 1999), the lack of compliance must on this test be seen as decisive evidence against authority. I suspect that this construction of the test is misleading and ultimately an empirical dead-end, not for any reason having to do with the Council itself but rather for conceptual and practical diﬃculties in the separation of March and Olsen’s two logics.
It is constitutive of the international society. What is the evidence according to this test? The Iraq 2003 case shows that even powerful states were forced to frame their policies around the existence of the Council. Both coalitions of states, pro- and anti-invasion, found themselves unable to avoid arguing about minutiae of Charter clauses. Both accepted that Council approval was a powerful resource for states, and so they fought to either win it or withhold it from the other (Hurd 2006). The Council was therefore made to seem all the more relevant and powerful at the 36 Ian Hurd center of the international regime on the use of force.
From this common starting point, divergence occurs as cross-cutting typologies are developed. For instance, Weber examined three devices by which power might be legitimized: tradition, charisma, and law. Friedman (1990: 60–61) elaborated on the “familiar distinction” between a person who is “in authority” and one who is “an authority,” the former being about a formal position with the right to issue commands and the latter a personal identiﬁcation of expertise. 1 Coherence among these is, he argued, impossible.
Diplomacy by Harold Nicolson