By M. Seymour
The preferred referendum of 1974 which affirmed Italy's recently-won divorce legislation is largely considered as a turning element in sleek Italian historical past, however the lengthy tale in the back of that fight has remained mostly unusual. utilizing the debates over divorce as a lens, this ebook is a research of the search to modernize Italy, Italians, and Italian marriage.
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Additional info for Debating Divorce in Italy: Marriage and the Making of Modern Italians, 1860–1974
The difference between Naclerio and, for example, a conservative like d’Ondes Reggio, who used the same argument in a parliamentary speech against civil marriage in 1852, is that Naclerio viewed divorce as a moralizing institution. He thought the custom of personal separation a cruel one, having the same effects as divorce without breaking the marital bond. In his view the only possible defense for it would be the chance of a reconciliation, but he claimed that this is almost always an unrealistic hope.
Serafini saw the question of divorce as linking broad issues concerning the position of women in society. 64 Women, on the other hand, were effectively enslaved within those confines, and civilized societies had a duty to liberate them. Divorce would be one step toward this. But according to Serafini, divorce would not entail an exodus of women from their marriages. On the contrary, she argues that the possibility of divorce would ensure that people chose their marriage partners more carefully, with the result that families would be more stable.
But this possibility was dismissed when the civil code was introduced, in the name of a free Church in a free state. As a result, the code effectively staked its claims to the territory of marriage only in a vague way. This vagueness is a token of the compromise that characterized the relationship between the Church and the state in Liberal Italy. The political climate of the 1860s was not auspicious for a clearer assertion of the state’s claim to regulate the most intimate aspect of its citizens’ lives, despite the well-reasoned arguments of legal luminaries like Gabba and others.
Debating Divorce in Italy: Marriage and the Making of Modern Italians, 1860–1974 by M. Seymour