By Sarah Ellen Graham
During the 20th century governments got here to more and more take pleasure in the worth of sentimental energy to assist them in attaining their international coverage goals. overlaying the the most important interval among 1936 and 1953, this ebook examines the U.S. government’s adoption of diplomatic courses that have been designed to cajole, tell, and allure worldwide public opinion in help of yank nationwide pursuits. Cultural international relations and overseas info have been deeply debatable to an American public that been bombarded with propaganda through the First global warfare. This ebook explains how new notions of propaganda as reciprocal trade, cultural engagement, and enlightening info cleared the path for thoughts in U.S. diplomatic perform. via a comparative research of the country Department’s department of Cultural kin, the govt. radio station Voice of the USA, and the multilateral cultural, academic and medical international relations of Unesco, and drawing greatly on U.S. international coverage data, this ebook indicates how America’s liberal traditions have been reconciled with the duty of influencing and attracting publics in a foreign country.
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This publication questions no matter if the associations and practices of the rising european diplomatic process comply with tested criteria of the state-centric diplomatic order; or even if perform is paving the best way for leading edge, even progressive, sorts of diplomatic corporation.
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2 (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University, 1982). R. ), Guide to the Works of John Dewey (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1970), p. 145. ), John Dewey: The Early Works, 1882–1898 vol. 1 (Carbondale: Southern Illinois Press, 1976), pp. 318–19. 49 On progressivism and the peace movement, see: Robert David Johnson, The Peace Progressives and American Foreign Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995); Lawrence S. Wittner, Rebels Against War: The American Peace Movement, 1933–1983 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984); Harriet Hyman Alonso, The Women’s Peace Union and the Outlawry of War, 1921–1942 (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989); Robert B.
44 Walter Lippmann, Interpretations: 1933–1935 (New York: MacMillan Company, 1936), pp. 327–8. 45 Joseph Schafer, “Popular Censorship of History Texts,” Wisconsin Magazine of History, 6:4 ( June 1923), p. 460. 48 The revision of school texts and the expunging of elite-dominated forms of propaganda from state education systems was thus regarded by followers of Dewey as ripe for the revision of conventional understandings, geared toward engendering individual freedom and virtue and, ultimately, a peaceful foreign policy.
12 Sproule, Propaganda and Democracy, p. 10. 13 Emily S. Rosenberg, Spreading the American Dream: American Economic and Cultural Expansion, 1890–1945 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1982), p. 79. 14 Nicholas Cull, The Cold War and the United States Information Agency (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), p. 7. 10 Propaganda Analysis, Philanthropy, and American Foreign Relations 23 public speakers known as the Four Minute Men, who numbered an astonishing 75,000 by mid-1917. These volunteers attended movie screenings across the United States in order to make short patriotic speeches during intermission.
Culture and Propaganda: The Progressive Origins of American Public Diplomacy 1936-1953 by Sarah Ellen Graham