By David Nicolle
Crusader castles and different fortifications in Cyprus, the south-western coast of Turkey, and Greece are one of the best examples of past due medieval army structure to be visible in Europe. those very important fortifications, erected through the Hospitallers throughout the fifteenth century to stand the transforming into Ottoman Turkish chance, range significantly from these within the heart East. regardless of there being many obvious continues to be of fortifications in Cyprus, Greece, and the Aegean, few stories exist of those parts in comparison to the fortifications of the Holy Land.
Providing quite a few architectural plans, maps, and colour illustrations, this e-book seeks to redress this imbalance and supplement the former bestselling remedies of Crusader fortifications within the citadel sequence.
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Additional resources for Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191-1571 (Fortress, Volume 59)
Little remains today, but most seem to be 14th-century Genoese work built upon the foundations or along the lines of earlier Byzantine defences. 5km long, forming an arc around the town, outside an inner wall, and joining up with the sea wall. 5m across. There was no ditch along the coast. Instead the sea gates opened directly onto the beach to make the loading and unloading of goods easier. The Ottomans called the third line of defence at Kaffa the ‘land fortress’. Outside the main, strongly defended city the suburbs were protected only by a simple embankment during the later Genoese period.
At Kiliya a ruined island fortress in the Danube was probably the Genoese castle, while fragmentary fortifications on the left bank were the fortress of Steven the Great. In fact the Genoese lost Kiliya to the Wallachians, from whom Steven the Great took the fortress in 1465, though most of the population remained Italian merchants. Eventually Genoese and Moldavians attempted to cooperate against the looming Ottoman Empire, but failed. UK Text (SW) 41 JOB:E10-91652 TITLE:FOR 59 175# DTP:39 PAGE:41 001_064_91652(39) 11/1/06 8:31 AM Page 42 The castles at war Although many Crusader castles outside the Middle East seem to have had a more symbolic than military value, many were of course used in war.
To have built Beaufort without securing the eastern side of the pass would have left Beaufort and its fertile plain open to attack. Although the Crusader States in Greece were in an almost constant state of war with one or other of their Byzantine neighbours, the chroniclers rarely mention castles being attacked. Having played virtually no role in the initial conquest, they did little more than slow down the subsequent Byzantine reconquests. The garrisons were not only tiny, but probably contained many Greeks whose loyalty to their Crusader rulers was shallow.
Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191-1571 (Fortress, Volume 59) by David Nicolle