By Eugeniusz Cyran
This publication is an try and display that the fundamental ideas of phonological association boil all the way down to the interplay among the power of nuclei as licensers of phonological constitution and diverse non-rerankable scales of complexity happening at various degrees of phonological illustration. The licensing relation among nuclei and the previous onsets at the one hand, and governing family between consonants, that are to a good quantity decided via their inner melodic constitution, let us view the phonological illustration as a self-organizing procedure, which can pr. Read more...
content material: Preface --
1. significant complexity --
2. Formal complexity --
three. The phonological constitution of phrases --
topic index --
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This booklet is an try and exhibit that the fundamental rules of phonological association boil right down to the interplay among the energy of nuclei as licensers of phonological constitution and diverse non-rerankable scales of complexity happening at diverse degrees of phonological illustration.
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Extra info for Complexity scales and licensing in phonology
The absence of (h) excludes affricates and fully-fledged fricatives. Potentially, such a system could have voiced fricatives if its resonance elements could be headed. Since there are only glides and liquids, we may suspect that this language does not utilize headedness either. Recall, that fricatives have three representational sources: a) the noise element (h), b) headedness of resonance elements, and c) high tone, as in the case of Irish [x]. Since no analysis of Malalkmalak is provided here, the above definition of its consonantal system must, of course, be viewed as a sheer speculation.
Substantive complexity effects in Irish 23 sented graphically below in (16a). On the other hand, (16b) shows the directions of changes which transpire from the data in (15) above. Admittedly, they concern Munster Irish to a greater extent, but they occur in both dialects. This suggests that, some small differences notwithstanding, the two dialects should be offered a uniform analysis, in which we would be able to incorporate height as well as backness. (16) a. Spread [±BACK] i b. Munster Irish I e u E a o A i u e o a A The illustrations above clearly suggest that the analysis based on spreading [±BACK] idealizes the facts slightly even in the case of Connemara Irish – as shifts of the type [a~i], [a~e] and [o~i] do occur in this dialect (15c-e).
56 In the list of consonants below, palatalization is marked by the diacritic ‘´’, while velarization is not represented by any diacritic. (24) Irish consonants Labial Coronal Velar Glottal p, p´, b, b´, f, f´, v, v´, m, m´ t, t´, d, d´, s, S, n, n´, l, l´, r, r´57 k, k´, g, g´, x, x´, V, V´, N, N´ h A few comments are in order here concerning the status of the consonants listed above. In word-initial position [x, x´, v, v´, V, V´] occur only in leni56 An analysis of initial mutations in a related language, that is, Welsh is offered in the following section.
Complexity scales and licensing in phonology by Eugeniusz Cyran