By Richard L. Abel (Auth.)
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This research conducts a full of life and cutting edge exploration of the conventional Indian religions and cultures that experience either interested and questioned the West for hundreds of years. the writer makes use of a very good number of assets, and listens not just to what the discovered thinker or theologian within the classical Sanskrit texts has to claim, but in addition to what people cults show in tales, myths, and poetry.
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Additional resources for Comparative Studies. Volume 2
Throughout the nineteenth century, as English procedural and substantive 6 law, the personal laws of Hindus and Muslims, and custom mutually influenced one another in the courts of the Indian Empire, a new legal system gradually evolved. Many local panchayats lost authority, litigation in courts spiraled, and the legal profession became a central participant in the social and political movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Despite lingering criticism of foreign ideas, British and Indian elements had become blended into a distinctive Anglo-Indian system of laws and institutions (Cohn, 1965; Galanter, 1972; 1978).
To be effective, the third party must possess sufficient power to equalize the balance between the disputants. Unless mediation centers address this problem or decide to deal only with disputes between equals, they risk serving the weaker parties poorly by accommodating their demands with inadequate compensation while inhibiting their appeal to courts where they could, at least in theory, demand a legally just settlement (cf. Silbey, 1979; see also Nader and Singer, 1976: 311; Getman, 1979). g.
In Search of Nyaya Panchayats: The Politics of a Moribund Institution * CATHERINE S. MESCHIEVITZ MARC GALANTER INTRODUCTION India's massive attempt to provide access to justice for its rural population 1 through the promotion of Nyaya Panchayats (village courts; hereafter NP) is both theoretically provocative and practically important. Yet it remains largely unexamined empirically and virtually unknown outside India. Completing a process of judicial reform started under colonial rule, India's post-Independence Constitution directed states to establish local self-government T h i s essay is based in part on articles by Baxi and Galanter (1979) and Meschievitz (1979).
Comparative Studies. Volume 2 by Richard L. Abel (Auth.)