By Kimie Hara
After global warfare II, many neighborhood conflicts emerged within the Asia-Pacific, akin to the divided Korean peninsula, the Cross-Taiwan Strait, the ‘Northern Territories’, (Southern Kuriles) Takeshima (Dokdo), Senkaku (Diaoyu) and the Spratly (Nansha) islands difficulties. those and different disputes, reminiscent of the Okinawa challenge in terms of the U.S. army presence within the area, all proportion a massive universal origin within the post-war disposition of Japan, quite the 1951 Peace Treaty. Signed through forty-nine nations in San Francisco, this multilateral treaty considerably formed the post-war overseas order within the quarter, and with its linked safeguard preparations, laid the basis for the local chilly struggle constitution, the "San Francisco System."
This ebook examines the background and modern implications of the "San Francisco System," with specific specialize in its frontier difficulties. Drawing on large archival study and in-depth research, Kimie Hara uncovers key hyperlinks among the nearby difficulties within the Asia-Pacific and their underlying organization with Japan, and explores the clues for his or her destiny answer in the multilateral context within which they originated. Cold battle Frontiers within the Asia-Pacific will entice scholars and students drawn to diplomacy of the Asia-Pacific zone, diplomatic historical past and jap diplomacy.
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Extra resources for Cold War Frontiers in the Asia-Pacific: Divided Territories in the San Francisco System (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies)
20 The Moscow Foreign Ministers’ Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Establishment of Two Korean Governments . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 The Korean War . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Toward the “Unresolved Problems”: Korea and Takeshima/ Tokdo Disposition in the Japanese Peace Treaty . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Early US Studies of Japanese Territorial Disposition . . . . . . . . 23 T-Documents, CAC-Documents, SWNCC and MacArthur Line Early Drafts of the Peace Treaty .
Longitude; proceeding due east through La Perouse Strait (Soya Kaikyo) to 149Њ 10’E. longitude; thence due south through Etorofu Strait to 37Њ N. latitude, thence in a southwesterly direction to a point in 23Њ 30’N. latitude, 134Њ E. longitude; thence due west to 122Њ 30’E. longitude; thence due north to 26Њ N. latitude; thence in a northeasterly direction to a point in 30Њ N. latitude, 127Њ E. longitude; thence due north to 33Њ N. latitude; thence in a northeasterly direction to a point in 40Њ N.
The East-West confrontation further escalated after the Berlin crisis of 1948. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established in April 1949. On August 29, 1949, the USSR conducted its first nuclear test. In 1955 West Germany was admitted to NATO, and the Warsaw Pact was established in direct riposte. The “containment” policy was first adopted in Europe, but not Asia. The USA was not yet completely committed to establishment of the Republic of Korea, and following the Soviet announcement of military withdrawal from the north, in December 1948, US forces withdrew from the south in June 1949.
Cold War Frontiers in the Asia-Pacific: Divided Territories in the San Francisco System (Nissan Institute Routledge Japanese Studies) by Kimie Hara