By Michael J. Manton (auth.), Michael Manton, Linda Anne Stevenson (eds.)
Commissioned by way of the Intergovernmental assembly (IGM) of the Asia-Pacific community for worldwide swap learn (APN), this e-book deals a close survey of the present prestige of weather switch and weather variability within the Asia-Pacific zone, a radical and considerate overview of weather and defense and transparent tips on the easiest paths of weather examine within the future.
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Additional info for Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability
2009) indicating a significant change in the glaciers in the India Himalayas. New Zealand There are few places in the Pacific region with glaciers. New Zealand has glaciers with a long, continuous record of annual end-of-summer-snowline measurements for a set of Southern Alps ‘index glaciers’ from 1977 to present. Chinn et al. (2012) used these index glaciers to estimate annual mass balance and volume water equivalent changes to the over 3,000 glaciers on the Southern Alps. 1 km3 by 2008. 3 km3a−1 over the last three decades, but this is considerably less than the rate of ice volume loss estimated for the previous 100 years.
Trends in Nepal (Baidya et al. 2008) show an increase in hot days and warm nights. Most of the temperature extreme indices show a consistently different pattern in the mountainous and southern plains of Nepal (Terai belt). The trend has relatively higher magnitude in mountainous regions where permanent snow and glaciers occur. Frost days do not occur in the tropical regions between 30°N and 30°S. Regions where frost days do not occur extend more southward in the Southern Hemisphere compared with the northern limit of no frost days.
Colour-filled symbols indicate that the linear trend is significance at the 95 % level (Source: Kwon 2007) of the Southern Hemisphere, frost days are relatively rare. In contrast, over the continents including China and Mongolia, the number of frost days has decreased in the range of 0–8 days/decade. Compared with frost days, significant trends of summer days are observed in both 50°N and 40°S. Spatial patterns of linear trends of annual total precipitation amount (prcptot) are illustrated in Fig.
Climate in Asia and the Pacific: Security, Society and Sustainability by Michael J. Manton (auth.), Michael Manton, Linda Anne Stevenson (eds.)