By Harold M. Tanner
Now to be had in volumes, this obtainable, but rigorous, creation to the political, social, and cultural background of China offers a balanced and considerate account of the improvement of chinese language civilization from its beginnings to the current day. quantity covers from the good Qing Empire throughout the People's Republic of China (1644-2009).
The booklet offers a entire view of chinese language tradition, together with advancements in literature and the humanities. A beneficiant collection of illustrations enables comprehension of and delight within the visible arts.
Each quantity comprises plentiful illustrations, a whole supplement of maps, a chronological desk, broad notes, techniques for extra analyzing and an index.
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Additional info for China: A History, Volume 2: From the Great Qing Empire through The People's Republic of China 1644-2009
Desperate men flocked to Li’s armies, which grew first to five hundred thousand then a million men. Some Confucian scholars, who saw Li as a man who might become emperor, also joined him. With their advice and assistance, he began to build a reputation as a man who cared for the people by remitting taxes and distributing wealth seized from corrupt Ming princes. Li Zicheng and his advisors also set up a shadow imperial government. In 1642, Li Zicheng announced the establishment of the Shun dynasty—but carefully did not yet claim to be emperor.
14 Banner people did not intermarry with the commoner population, and were not subject to control or punishment by the civilian government. They had also acquired many aspects of Chinese culture: they ate Chinese food, wrote Chinese poetry, and served in a bureaucracy inherited from the Ming. While Manchus adopted the culture of the Chinese elite, Chinese literati became loyal servants of the Manchu emperors. As a symbol of their Qing Empire-Building 39 submission, Chinese men were forced to adopt the Manchu male hairstyle— shaving the forehead and braiding the rest of the hair into a long queue.
In 1636 Huang Taiji gave his people, a combination of Jurchen tribes, a new name, “Manchu,” and established a new dynasty: Qing (meaning “pure”). In 1644, when the Chinese rebel and would-be emperor Li Zicheng overthrew the Ming, the Manchu warriors came through the Great Wall, absorbed some of the remaining Ming armies and claimed the Mandate of Heaven for their Qing dynasty, which ruled in Beijing until February 1912. In many respects, life in China went on much as it had before the Manchu conquest.
China: A History, Volume 2: From the Great Qing Empire through The People's Republic of China 1644-2009 by Harold M. Tanner