By Luciano Petech
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Extra resources for Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yuan - Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History
The first dpon e 'en under Dharmapalarak�ita was Byati-c'ub rin-c'en, whose name had been submitted to the emperor by 'P'ags pa, apparently shortly before his death at the end of 1 280. Qu bilai, who placed great trust in this man, issued the formal decree of appointment in 1 28 1 , conferring upon him at the same time the six-comered seal with the cristal button, which was the office badge of the heads (mi-dpon) of the son wi si (hsuan-wei ssu) 9 6) . He arrived from Peking in the train of Sang-ko's expeditionary force, and this seems to imply , that previously he had been em ployed in the Department for Buddhist Affairs at the capital.
After 'P'ags pa the dignities of Sa-skya abbot and of Imperial Preceptor were kept strictly apart. The Imperial Preceptor was a standing institution of the im perial government. He enjoyed extraordinary honours, disposed of large means 1 5) and exerted a paramount influence in the tsung ehih yuan and later in the hsuan-eheng yuan, one of its presidents being nominated by him. We should, nevertheless, always keep in mind that the ti-shih, however respected, was just an imperial offi cial residing at the court, and could hardly extert any action con trary to the interests of the Mongols.
As we shall see later, a rta mgo contained much less than fifty households; the relation of the chiliarchy to the my riarchy varied greatly, but normally was below ten; in the three Central Tibetans lu there were thirteen and not thirty myriarchies; and no rule ever existed about ten lu forming a province. Nor has any trace of a decree of Qubilai making Tibet a province come to light. Another purely theoretical rule was that each myriarchy was to contain six thousand serf of the monasteries and temples (lha sde) and four thousand serfs of the noble houses (mi sde) 43 ) .
Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yuan - Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History by Luciano Petech