By World Bank Group
E-book by way of international financial institution workforce
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Extra resources for Caribbean Region: access, quality, and efficiency in education
Costs and Financing of Education 23 A. Government Education Expenditures 23 B. Non-Government Education 31 C. Toward a Strategy for Education Financing 38 III. Regional Challenges and Issue in Education 41 A. Coverage and Access 42 B. Quality and Effectiveness 43 C. Resources and Resource Use 46 D. Benefits from Educational Investment 47 IV. The Educational Base: Preschool and Primary Education 50 A. Preschooling 50 B. Primary Schooling 58 C. Policy and Investment Options 81 V. Secondary Education 84 A.
Ii. A second motivation for increased attention to human resource development is its strong linkage to poverty reduction. Convincing evidence exists that the development of human capital is one of the essential elements in reducing poverty. Income distribution in the Caribbean countries resembles that in other Regions of the developing world: the poorest 20 percent of the population receive under 5 percent of national income. As a consequence, many people, including many children, live in absolute poverty.
In Jamaica, for example, where almost 80 percent of 3 to 5 year olds attend preschool, tests of primary school entrants indicate lagging cognitive and psychomotor skills in almost half the children, with performance consistently lower for boys. xxiii. Preschooling is the level of education most dependent on private financing, with initiatives to expand access and increase its effectiveness generally led by nongovernmental organizations, often in cooperation with communities, such as programs of SERVOL in Trinidad and the Van Leer Foundation in Jamaica.
Caribbean Region: access, quality, and efficiency in education by World Bank Group