By Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen
This article addresses those 3 concerns: what's discrimination? What makes it wrong?; What may be performed approximately wrongful discrimination? It argues that there are diverse thoughts of discrimination; that discrimination isn't really consistently morally incorrect and that after it's, it's so basically due to its destructive effects.
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Additional resources for Born free and equal? : a philosophical inquiry into the nature of discrimination
61 This completes my account of when a group is socially salient, which—just to recap—it is, if perceived membership of it is important to the structure of social interactions across a wide range of social contexts. 7. Because The second need for clarification in relation to the concept of group discrimination is this: what does it mean to say that it is because (X believes that) Y has the property P and (believes that) Z has not, that X Φ-ies (and thereby treats Y worse than Z)? One suggestion is this: (a) X treats Y worse than Z by Φ-ing because (X believes that) Y has P and (X believes that) Z does not have P if, and only if, the thought that Y has P and Z does not is part of X’s motivating reason for Φ-ing.
It is to accommodate this sort of objection that I need to add a further condition to generic discrimination and (iv′′). What Is Discrimination? 39 To avoid this implication, we could add a clause to our definition, saying that for an act of disadvantageous differential treatment of a person because of his having P to constitute discrimination against him, it must be the case that the relevant act, suitably described, is one of many instances of similarly disadvantageous differential treatment of P-people or some subgroup thereof, and that these many acts together make these people worse off relative to others.
And (3) What is it to treat someone because this individual has a certain feature that others do not have? The present and the following two sections will address each one of these questions in the indicated order. 48 Whether one is perceived to belong to the group of people from Omaha who did well at sports in high school and live in a county the name of which contains at least one “s” is irrelevant to almost any kind of social interaction. Hence, this group of people is not socially salient.
Born free and equal? : a philosophical inquiry into the nature of discrimination by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen