By Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier
This ebook is the 3rd of 3 volumes on US Marine Corps Harrier IIs in wrestle, and it's the first quantity in print to hide the complete tale of the AV-8B's provider employment in the course of peacekeeping operations after which in Afghanistan.
In the Nineteen Seventies the USMC received the AV-8A Harrier from the united kingdom to check V/STOL (vertical and/or brief take-off and touchdown) innovations for shut air help. A winning investment conflict was once for that reason fought within the Nineteen Eighties to safe army, political, and monetary help to extend this idea to improve and box the second one iteration AV-8B Harrier II from the overdue Eighties onward. The AV-8B was once, and nonetheless is, the one tactical plane that may install with Marine forces on amphibious attack ships and supply air disguise and shut air help cut loose huge deck airplane providers. Having noticeable motion in-theater in the course of Operation desolate tract typhoon in 1991, the Harrier II used to be seriously concerned with peacekeeping operations in Balkans within the Nineties, in addition to in Africa from 1992 to 2002. From past due 2001, the jet took half within the 'War on Terror" in the course of the early part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. devices outfitted with the plane at the start flew from amphibious attack ships off the Pakistani coast, earlier than changing into land-based in-theater from early 2002 following the career of Afghanistan via Coalition troops. Harrier II squadrons have maintained a presence in-theatre assisting anti-Taliban and al-Qaeda operations ever since.
Read or Download AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Enduring Freedom PDF
Best military books
In the summertime of 1914 Europe exploded right into a frenzy of mass violence. The conflict that had international repercussions, destroying 4 empires and costing thousands of lives. Even the successful nations have been scarred for a iteration, and we nonetheless this day stay in the conflict's shadow. during this significant new research, released a few 90 years after the 1st international conflict all started, David Stevenson re-examines the factors, direction and effect of this 'war to finish war', putting it within the context of its period and exposing its underlying dynamics.
It truly is 1915. Jean Dartemont is simply a tender guy. he's not a insurgent, yet nor is he awed by means of authority and while he's known as up and given simply the main rudimentary education, he refuses to keep on with his platoon. in its place, he's despatched to Artois, the place he reviews the relentless loss of life and violence of the trenches.
Basic Starry’s variety of pursuits, as should be obvious to all who come to this assortment, used to be terribly wide. Many subject matters he addressed again and again over lengthy classes of time, his views—and his articulation of these views—evolving through the years. that's really the case with recognize to doctrinal issues, the tank-antitank calculus, and the preeminent significance of the person soldier.
This can be the second one sequence of Warpaint. This sequence used to be just like the 1st, yet integrated color illustrations and lined a much wider diversity of airplane kinds. The sequence specializes in army airplane from the second one global conflict onwards, with an emphasis at the markings carried. every one ebook encompasses a concise written background of the topic lined, illustrated with color and b+w photos - including color profiles and color multi-view drawings.
Additional resources for AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Enduring Freedom
Aerial refuelling helped extend the range and loiter time of VMA-214’s AV-8Bs in OEF, with co-located VMGR-352 providing most of the fuel passed to jets from the unit. The KC-130J offers a 57,500-lb fuel offload capacity, using wing and external tanks, while in the air. It is also equipped with a removable 3600-gallon aluminium fuel tank that is carried inside the cargo compartment, providing additional fuel when required. The KC-130J can refuel fixed or rotary-wing aircraft using standard probe and drogue equipment (E Schaefer) flying while in Afghanistan, but we ended up flying a lot more – some aircraft exceeded 90 hours a month’, explained Maj James T Bardo, VMA214’s aviation maintenance officer.
At Kandahar we had a runway, maintenance support, strategic tankers and an area of operations close to the base. From an operational standpoint, the combination of those factors made it an ideal place from which to provide effective support to the MEU. The only real challenges we faced were the condition of the runway and the ramp. Also, the base was situated some 3300 ft above sea level, and the temperature was pretty hot in the summer. This caused the takeoff roll for fully loaded jets (full fuel and combat ordnance loads) to be pretty long.
FACs would not let you drop bombs or fire rockets or the gun unless they felt very comfortable that the pilots in the aircraft had the right target and knew the position of friendly forces. You had to have both aspects of the problem solved – the FAC had to have confidence that the aircrew had the correct target. The pilot had to establish a clear picture of the target location and the location of friendly forces. All the while, the clock was ticking – the guys on the ground were being attacked by the enemy and the jets on station continued to burn fuel at a rapid rate.
AV-8B Harrier II Units of Operation Enduring Freedom by Lon Nordeen, Jim Laurier