By Roger French
В этом исследовании автор показывает, что древнее естествознание было собранием и представлением историй и феноменов, достойных упоминания философами, популяризаторами или торговцами чудесами. В этой книге исследуются отношения между физическим миром, богами, греческой философией и целями тех, кто выражал весьма различные понятия о «природе». Основное внимание автора уделено «Истории животных» Аристотеля, «Естественной истории растений» Теофраста, «Географии» Страбона, а также, в некоторой степени, «Естественной истории» Плиния Старшего. Одна из основных тем книги - то, как к естествознанию относились различные общества: греки, римляне, евреи и христиане.Образцы сканов:
Read or Download Ancient Natural History PDF
Similar nature & ecology books
The locus of Jim dale Huot-Vickery's existence is a distant cabin within the northern desert of Minnesota's Boundary Waters sector. usually, it really is iciness right here, a fierce, appealing season that dominates all dwelling issues with its relentless chilly grip. this is often the muse for iciness signal, the profound tale of fifteen years of surviving the seven-month-long odyssey of iciness within the a long way north.
Charles Hartshorne is without doubt one of the premiere metaphysicians and philosophers of faith within the 20th century. He has written broadly on animals, either as a thinker of nature and as a professional on poultry music. because the book of inventive Synthesis and Philosophic approach in 1970, he has dedicated loads of awareness to animals.
310 pages. Hardcover with airborne dirt and dust jacket. Fisheries study Board of Canada.
Extra resources for Ancient Natural History
Where his predecessors pursued a topic only to the point where they concluded that they had defeated their opponents, Aristotle saw this as a practice dictated by argument rather than by the topic itself and the enquiry it called for. ’43 But Aristotle’s answer to this is not yet to return to the appearances involved in the topic and allow them to direct his further investigation, but to fabricate further potential objections and to proceed by means of overcoming them. It is this mode of procedure that lends form to many of Aristotle’s doctrines.
In opening, the Physics tells the reader that systematic knowledge of disciplines is about its ‘principles, causes or elements’. This is the discipline of nature and Aristotle comes as close as he ever does to ‘nature’ in an abstract sense. There are a number of things to note about this. ‘Principle’ is arche, with a main meaning of ‘beginning’36 and we can again see that Aristotle means that that out of which things grow is related to their essence: the nature of a thing. Aristotle’s term is phusis—or more traditionally physis—and the person who investigates it is physikos.
As we noted above there was a sense for Aristotle that matter was strongly qualitative; or the qualities were in a 30 ARISTOTLE AND THE NATURES OF THINGS sense material. 101 Likewise watery bodies are cold, unless they retain an external heat, like wine. The Meteorologica is presented as the last of a series of works dealing with homogeneous bodies: that is, the elements and the ‘similar’ parts, the discussion of which is preliminary to that of the compound and complex bodies which follow, principally those of plants and animals.
Ancient Natural History by Roger French