By Jeremy Bentham
Based at the assumption that folks search excitement and stay away from soreness, Bentham's utilitarian viewpoint types a advisor to ethical decision-making. With the "greatest happiness of the best quantity" as his aim, the writer makes an attempt to spot the assets and different types of excitement and discomfort in addition to the ways that they are often measured in assessing ethical thoughts. concerns of intentionality, attention, explanations, and tendencies aid Bentham's arguments. The textual content concludes along with his survey of function and the function of legislation and jurisprudence, a desirable workout within the thought of social reform that explores conflicts among the pursuits of the bulk and person freedom.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
To this head may be referred the several qualities of readiness of apprehension, accuracy and tenacity of memory, strength of attention, clearness of discernment, amplitude of comprehension, vividity and rapidity of imagination. Strength of intellectual powers, in general, seems to correspond pretty exactly to general strength of body: as any of these qualities in particular does to particular strength. XIII. 7. Firmness of mind on the one hand, and irritability on the other, regard the proportion between the degrees of efficacy with which a man is acted upon by an exciting cause, of which the value lies chiefly in magnitude, and one of which the value lies chiefly in propinquity.
A man may be said to have such or such a moral bias, or to have a moral bias in favour of such or such an action, when he looks upon it as being of the number of those of which the performance is dictated by the moral sanction. Principles of Morals and Legislation/47 XVIII. 12. What has been said with regard to moral sensibility, may be applied, mutatis mutandis, to religious. XIX. 13. What has been said with regard to moral biases, may also be applied, mutatis mutandis, to religious biases. XX.
4. Its propinquity or remoteness. 5. Its fecundity. 6. Its purity. And one other; to wit: 7. Its extent; that is, the number of persons to whom it extends; or (in other words) who are affected by it. V. To take an exact account then of the general tendency of any act, by which the interests of a community are affected, proceed as follows. Begin with any one person of those whose interests seem most immediately to be affected by it: and take an account, 1. Of the value of each distinguishable pleasure which appears to be produced by it in the first instance.
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham