By James W. Gould
There is a standard trust that till lately american citizens have hottest isolation to curiosity in distant components resembling Southeast Asia. This thesis will be established by means of analyzing the heritage of yankee kin with a spot at the contrary part of the globe from the USA. this kind of land is Sumatra. it truly is one of many greatest islands on the planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile zone exceeds that of the 3rd biggest American kingdom, California, and is greater than Italy. mendacity midway worldwide from the USA, its I050 mile size is sort of divided by way of the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. to start with, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This used to be verified in I942 while the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try to stem the japanese strengthen southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the japanese usa. Sumatra's southern tip types one facet of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest course among the a ways East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.
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The Structure of Netherlands Indian Economy (New York: Institute of Pacific Relations, 1942), pp. 149-150. 76 Thompson, Virginia, Labor Problems in Southeast Asia (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1947), p. 153; Emerson, Rupert, Malaysia: A Study in Direct and Indirect Rule (New York: Macmillan, 1937), p. 46. 6 Schadee, II, p. S. customs figures do not show this, but they do show direct shipments in 1885/6 (4,289 pounds, $ 3,518), 1887/8 (73,674 pounds, $ 72,941), 1895/6 (15,741 pounds $ 20,299) and 1899/1900 (15,388 pounds, $ 18,476).
Both were to be of the greatest significance for American interests in Sumatra, as well as the history of the island itself. The first was the granting of the first tobacco concession on the East Coast of Sumatra, and the second was the importation of the first American kerosene into the Dutch East Indies. Of kerosene and oil, more in a later chapter, but here we must relate the amazing story of the modern plantation industry and its relation to the United States. The first modern concession was obtained by a 26 year old Dutchman, Jacobus Nienhuys, on July 7, r863, on the Deli River near the present city of Medan, then an insignificant and unknown region of Sumatra.
Bijleveld A. E. Simon Thomas Louis von Hemert Du. Du. Du. Aust. Du. Du. Ger. 16 Sept. 1897 16 Feb. 1898 15 March 1900 21 Maxch 1906 13 Apr. 1910 4 March 19I4 30 Sept. 1859 (Vacant: c. I February 1916 - 21 June 1917) Horace E. Dickinson Am. 21 July 1917 (Vacant: 5 January 1918 - 15 July 1918) (Vacant 25 July 1918 - 13 May 1919) Consul Algar E. Carleton Am. 18 Feb. 1919 CarlO. Spamer Am. 26 May 1920 Consul Sydney B. Redecker Vice Consul Am. 17 Aug. 1923 (Vice Consul Cyril L. T. Thiel Am. 15 July 1925) Sydney B.
Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould