By Michael Thomas
This e-book explains the institutionalization of approximately unconditional American aid of Israel throughout the Reagan management, and its patience within the first Bush management when it comes to the contest of trust platforms in American society and politics. Michael Thomas explains coverage alterations through the years and offers insights into what situations may result in lasting adjustments in coverage. the amount identifies the real household, social, spiritual and political components that experience vied for primacy on coverage in the direction of Israel, and utilizing case reviews, resembling the 1981 AWACS sale and the 1991 personal loan promises, argues that coverage debates were struggles to embed and implement ideals approximately Israel and approximately Arabs. It additionally establishes a framework for larger knowing the affects and constraints on American coverage in the direction of Israel. An epilogue applies the teachings realized to the present Bush management. American coverage towards Israel might be of curiosity to scholars people international coverage, heart japanese politics and diplomacy.
Read or Download American Policy toward Israel: The Power and Limits of Beliefs PDF
Similar diplomacy books
This ebook questions even if the associations and practices of the rising ecu diplomatic process comply with tested criteria of the state-centric diplomatic order; or even if perform is paving the best way for leading edge, even progressive, kinds of diplomatic organization.
Extra info for American Policy toward Israel: The Power and Limits of Beliefs
There was a “presumed congruence of values between the two nations,” based upon a perceived sharing of pioneering spirit, democratic institutions and ideals of individualism and freedom (Quandt 1977: 16). This “culture-bound, colorconscious world view that still positions nations and peoples in a hierarchy” limited what Americans would easily accept as true (Hunt 1987: 177). Affinity was reinforced by Christian, particularly evangelical, identification 30 The pro-Israel community prior to 1981 with the Zion of the Bible and by feelings of moral responsibility for victims of the Holocaust; repugnance for Arabs was reinforced with each terrorist act attributed to Arabs.
This was Fisher’s “epiphany,” and he determined to play the role Eisenhower had described (Golden 1992: xix). : xx). Thereafter, when Prime Minister Meir could not get a commitment from Nixon on military aircraft, Fisher obtained the commitment. When the Rogers Plan was announced, Meir arranged intelligence briefings for Fisher concerning impacts on Israeli security. Nixon privately authorized Fisher to The pro-Israel community prior to 1981 39 tell Meir that he would never impose the Rogers Plan (Melman and Raviv 1994: 150–1).
The period from 1967 until the election of Menachem Begin in 1977 is called the “Golden Age” of the “Mobilized Model” of American Zionism, when it was easy to raise money and lobby on behalf of Israel. Zionist leaders were happy to send money in return for recognition (“status awards”) and to stay away from policy (Cohen and Liebman 2000: 6). Some saw the war as the crucial element in a “folk theology,” involving redemption of the Jews after the Holocaust. The war thus helped bridge the historical antipathy between secular and Orthodox Jews (Novick 2000: 148–50).
American Policy toward Israel: The Power and Limits of Beliefs by Michael Thomas