By Harikesh Bahadur Singh, Birinchi Kumar Sarma, Chetan Keswani
The major concentration of this e-book is to survey the present prestige of analysis, improvement and use of agriculturally very important microorganisms in Asian international locations and increase a method for addressing severe matters a number of coverage constraints as a result of which bio-pesticides have stumbled on restricted purposes.
during this booklet the editors have attempted to strengthen a consensus on problems with corresponding to caliber specifications, quality controls, regulatory administration, commercialization and advertising of agriculturally vital microorganisms in Asian nations. these types of concerns are mentioned at nationwide point through powerfuble professionals of Asian nations together with India, China, Malaysia, Iran, Taiwan, Israel, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Philippines.
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Additional info for Agriculturally Important Microorganisms: Commercialization and Regulatory Requirements in Asia
Sorokiniana together with Azospirillum brasilense, Bacillus pumilus, or Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum; Synechococcus elongatus together with A. 1 (continued) Formulation Alginate Additives or treatment None Microorganisms used Alginate None Alginate None Alginate None Pseudomonas fluorescens Pseudomonas striata; Bacillus polymyxa (PSB); Azospirillum brasilense Glomus deserticola (AM mycorrhizae); Yarrowia lipolytica (PS-yeast) Pseudomonas putida Alginate None Rhizobium spp. Alginate Pea protein Bacillus subtilis Alginate Streptomyces sp.
While most of these inoculants are used on a small scale for crop production, all polymeric inoculants, as far as we know, are experimental. Yet, because they open a new approach to formulation with endless industrial variations, these inoculants are described and discussed in detail in this chapter. 1). These include far longer shelf life, appropriate survival in the field, sufficient cell density, ease of manufacturing, and improved performance of plants in general (Bashan 1998; John et al. 2011; Bashan et al.
Primarily, immobilized microbial cells are easy to produce, store, and handle during industrial production. The main goal of industrial immobilizations is to maintain the immobilized cells in an active form, at high concentrations, for as long as possible. Any premature release of the microorganisms from these immobilized substrates is undesirable. These industrial formulations are not the topic of this chapter and can be reviewed elsewhere (Gibbs et al. 1999; Kourkoutas et al. 2004). Immobilized PGPB/PGPR formulations for agricultural and environmental applications have at least two very distinctly different purposes from those of the fermentation industry: (a) They have to provide temporary physical protection for the immobilized PGPB/PGPR in the soil from stressful environmental conditions, microbial competitors, and mini-predators, all hostile to any change in the biological makeup of the soil, and (b) for successful root colonization, they have to release the PGPB/PGPR strain gradually.
Agriculturally Important Microorganisms: Commercialization and Regulatory Requirements in Asia by Harikesh Bahadur Singh, Birinchi Kumar Sarma, Chetan Keswani