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AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: JAPAN– ISBN-92-64-02109-4 © OECD 2004 33 Mieux cibler les subventions salariales Le Japon accorde des subventions salariales pour le recrutement des travailleurs âgés. Les subventions largement ciblées par groupe d’âge peuvent induire un sentiment de stigmatisation et ne pas être très efficaces en raison d’effets de substitution et d’aubaine. En règle générale, les subventions salariales gagnent en efficacité lorsqu’elles sont plus étroitement ciblées. Il conviendrait de procéder à des évaluations systématiques et rigoureuses de l’efficacité de ces subventions et d’assouplir les critères d’admissibilité, ainsi que les montants accordés en tenant compte de l’évolution de la situation du marché du travail.
For men aged 55-59, there was a slight increase over the 1990s in comparison with almost unchanged participation rates for prime-age men (25-49) and men in their early 50s. For women both in their early and late 50s, participation rates over the past 10-15 years have risen in line or even slightly faster than the long-term trend rise in participation rates for prime-age women. 1. Participation rates by age and gender in Japan, 1970-2002 Percentages 15-24 25-49 50-54 55-59 100 100 95 95 90 85 60-64 65+ 90 Men 85 80 80 75 75 70 70 65 65 60 60 55 55 50 50 45 45 40 40 35 35 30 30 25 25 20 20 15 15 10 10 5 5 0 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 Women 0 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 Source: Labour Force Survey.
52 AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: JAPAN– ISBN-92-64-02109-4 © OECD 2004 Chapter 2 THE CURRENT LABOUR MARKET SITUATION As pointed out in the previous chapter, maintaining high labour force participation rates among older people will be of crucial importance if Japan is to cope with the future challenges of a declining and rapidly ageing population. However, older people in Japan are already facing a number of difficulties in the labour market and this situation could worsen in the future if economic growth remains stagnant while the number of people in the older age groups continues to rise.
Ageing and Employment Policies: Japan (Ageing and Employment Policies) by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development