By Westerlund, D.
This comparative and old paintings presents wealthy fabric on faith and sickness etiologies between 5 African peoples (San, Maasai, Sukuma, Kongo and Yoruba) and discusses attainable purposes for a tremendous shift from religious beings resembling deities to residing people like witches as brokers of affliction.
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Additional resources for African Indigenous Religions and Disease Causation
Bleek 1928: 25. 16 Guenther 1986: 219. 17 For a survey of some of these, see Schapera 1930: 177–195. One much discussed example, outside the scope of this study, is the name Kaggen of the Xam in South Africa. This is also the name of the mantis, an insect that feeds on other insects and clasps its prey in forelimbs held up as if in prayer; and some early scholars drew the erroneous conclusion that San identiﬁed God with this insect. ; Lewis-Williams 1981: 119. Schmidt (1973) is a more specialized study of this issue.
Gusinde 1965: 40. , Vedder 1912: 414; Heinz 1975: 27; Köhler 1971: 324. ; Gusinde 1965: 40; Heinz 1975: 22; Köhler 1978/79: 21; Thurner 1983: 392; Heinz 1986: 31. 40 Marshall 1962: 244, 246 f. 41 Barnard 1988: 224. 42 Guenther 1986: 65, 214, 219. 43 Bleek 1928: 25; Schapera 1930: 183. 45 The Dobe Kung call the lesser deity Gangwa matse (small Gangwa) to distinguish him from the big Gangwa. 46 It is, furthermore, used to designate the spirits of the dead. 49 Hence the names suggest that the three categories of heavenly beings are closely connected with each other.
Northwest of the Kongo area of western Central Africa was the less well-known Loango kingdom, formed by the Vili, with a closely related type of culture and religion. Both these areas and Bantu groups of people became subjected to a long-standing western and Christian missionary inﬂuence. Furthermore, large numbers of Africans were taken as slaves. Catholic missionaries belonging to several orders, including Jesuits and Holy Ghost Fathers, confronted the indigenous religion and attempted to win converts.
African Indigenous Religions and Disease Causation by Westerlund, D.