By Mircea Eliade
This quantity completes the immensely realized three-volume A background of non secular principles. Eliade examines the move of Jewish suggestion out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean sector and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th throughout the 17th centuries. Eliade's enormous wisdom of earlier and current scholarship presents a synthesis that's extraordinary. as well as reviewing contemporary interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual impact to be refined yet unmistakable.
As in his past paintings, Eliade can pay specific cognizance to heresies, people ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, resembling alchemy and sorcery, and maintains the dialogue, began in prior volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he continues, are as vital because the better-known orthodoxies to a whole knowing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
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Extra resources for A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms
The Letts and the Lithuanians were equally subjugated by the Germans and, at least nominally, converted to Christianity in the fourteenth century. But they succeeded in maintaining their religious traditions. It is only in the sixteenth century that Lutheran missionaries embarked upon an incessant campaign against paganism. Nonetheless, the ethnography and folklore of the Baltic peoples have partially conserved the archaic heritage. As a result, they constitute an unequalled source for knowledge of the traditional religion.
Slavic paganism 31 that he threw at wicked spirits. One Germanic tribe identified Perun as Thor. 63 The oak was consecrated to him, as to the other thunder gods of pre-Christian Europe. According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, cocks were sacrificed to him and, on the occasion of the great festivals, bulls, bears, or goats . In Christian folklore, Perun has been replaced by St. Elijah, imagined as an old man with a white beard, traversing the Heavens in his fiery chariot. 64 According to Roman lakobson,65 he derives from the common Indo-European pantheon, and can be compared to Varul)a.
In the "Legend of the Tiberiad Sea" (an apocryphal story found in fifteenth and sixteenth century manuscripts), God, who flies through the air, perceives Satan in the form of an aquatic bird. Another version presents God and the Devil in the form of white and black diving ducks. 80 Compared with the central Asiatic variants of the same cosmogonic myth, the Slavic and southeastern European versions accentuate the God-Satan dualism. Certain scholars have interpreted this conception of a god who creates the world with the aid of the Devil as being an expression of Bogomil beliefs.
A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms by Mircea Eliade