By Stephen V. Estopinal
The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now largely updated
Over the final numerous a long time, the web has allowed people with a non-technical historical past to imagine extra keep watch over of land surveys. yet with no transparent figuring out of ways to appropriately use land survey facts, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular requisites to a pro land surveyor, conflicts usually come up that result in litigation.
A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding verbal exchange hole among the clients of land boundary details land surveyors.
This imperative consultant essentially explains the services and tactics required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the function of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for identify lawyers, paralegals, realtors, executive brokers, and others who depend upon the knowledge amassed and awarded via land surveys.
Written in nontechnical language and supported via a number of line drawings, A consultant to realizing Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a powerful familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet allows them to appropriately assessment it, realize any inadequacies, and make the correct changes to procure approval.
The 3rd variation of A consultant to knowing Land Surveys has been improved with thirty percentage new fabric and is totally up-to-date to mirror the newest perform instructions and expertise, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally incorporated is necessary new fabric on how know-how may be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.
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Additional info for A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys
3, the level surface ripples or undulates as deflections in the pull of gravity are influenced by irregularities in the earth’s landmasses. 7. LAND DISTANCES Now that we see that real property points are geometrically rays and real property lines are geometrically surfaces (a “straight line” being a flat plane), let us examine how “distances”—that is, the separation of two land points—are defined. In geometry, a “distance” is the measure of the separation of two points in space. 7. 4 25 26 GEOMETRY geometric point “A” on the surface of a mountain and geometric point “B” at the foot of that mountain as the measure of geometric line segment having “A” and “B” as end points.
It is because of the need to reduce field measurements, which are geometric distances, to land distances, as well as the need to apply a multitude of other correction factors, that, except for very short distances, it is rare for the values shown on any survey plat to be the result of a single, direct measurement. Distances are dependent on a standardized length. There is no naturally occurring object that is consistently and universally the same length always and everywhere, so a standard had to be created.
TANGENT PLANE PROJECTIONS The most common form of plane projection systems in use today is the tangent plane projection system. Although it is slowly being replaced by more sophisticated systems, most survey maps or plats are based on this simple system. This is especially true of small surveys and surveys performed before the World War II. Modern, large-tract surveys are less likely to be based on this system because of several disadvantages that affect accuracy and recoverability. 1 is a visualization of a tangent plane projection.
A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys by Stephen V. Estopinal